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Dengue Fever: Unraveling the Mosquito-Borne Menace.

Dengue Fever: Unraveling the Mosquito-Borne Menace.



Dengue fever, a viral illness transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, has emerged as a global health concern due to its increasing prevalence and potential for severe complications. In this introduction, we delve into the intricacies of dengue, exploring its symptoms, transmission, geographic spread, and the ongoing efforts to combat this infectious disease.

Symptoms And Causes


Dengue is a viral infection transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes. Here are its symptoms and causes:


  1. Virus Transmission:

Dengue is caused by the dengue virus, which is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female Aedes mosquitoes, particularly Aedes aegypti.


  1. Fever:

Sudden high fever is a common early symptom of dengue.

  1. Severe Headache:

Intense headaches, often described as “breakbone fever.”

  1. Joint and Muscle Pain:

Pain in muscles and joints, giving it the nickname “bone-crushing” fever.

  1. Rash:

A rash may develop a few days after the fever starts.

  1. Fatigue:Severe weakness and fatigue can persist for weeks.

  2. Pain Behind the Eyes:

Pain and discomfort in the eye sockets.

  1. Bleeding:

Unusual bleeding, such as nosebleeds, gum bleeding, or easy bruising.

  1. Vomiting and Nausea:

Some individuals experience vomiting and nausea.

  1. Mild Symptoms:

Some cases may be mild or asymptomatic, making diagnosis challenging.

In severe cases, dengue can progress to dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) or dengue shock syndrome (DSS), which are life-threatening and can lead to bleeding, organ failure, and shock.

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Early diagnosis and medical care are crucial to manage dengue effectively, as there is no specific antiviral treatment. Rest, hydration, and pain relievers (but not aspirin or NSAIDs) are often recommended to manage symptoms. Preventing mosquito bites through measures like using mosquito nets and insect repellent is also essential in areas where dengue is prevalent.

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